Moog Statement of Business Ethics
To All Moog Employees and Representatives:
Since the founding of our Company, we have worked to create an environment of mutual trust and confidence that relies on individual integrity, fosters individual responsibility, and promotes individual excellence in performance. We are presenting this Statement of Business Ethics to clarify our basic guidelines for business conduct. We expect that all Moog employees and representatives will use sound judgment and common sense in applying these guidelines to specific situations. When difficult circumstances arise, we expect our employees and representatives to bring the facts to the attention of a management representative who will determine an appropriate response by the Company.
Moog has always enjoyed an excellent reputation for business integrity. It’s consistent with our reputation for delivering products of the highest quality. Applying the spirit of this policy statement in our business dealings throughout the world will preserve that reputation. In this day and age, a reputation for unwavering integrity can be the basis for corporate differentiation and a significant competitive advantage.
Chairman and Chief Executive Officer
Language Translations for Statement of Business Ethics
Statement of Business Ethics
Commitments to Our Stakeholders
We recognize that our Company is an organization with obligations to a number of different constituencies. Moog’s stakeholders include employees, customers, shareholders, suppliers, and the communities in which we operate, both within the U.S. and around the world. We make the following commitments to each of our stakeholders:
To our employees: We are committed to providing equal employment opportunity in a safe working environment with fair pay and benefits and an opportunity for self-improvement and advancement. We are committed to creating an atmosphere that encourages employees to treat one another fairly and with dignity and respect. We are committed to maintaining the highest standards in all aspects of our relationships with our employees.
- To our customers: We will provide quality products at fair prices, backed by sincere service support.
- To our shareholders: We will work to produce a fair return on shareholder investment and continued enhancement of shareholder value.
- To our suppliers: We are committed to maintaining open and fair business dealings, and to selecting sources of supply on the basis of quality, price, services offered, and ethical policies that match our own high standards.
- To our U.S. and overseas communities: We recognize our responsibility to maintain a clean and healthy physical environment. We strive to establish appropriate relationships with our neighboring communities, schools, local governments, and the families of employees.
- Our expectation is that every Moog employee and representative will consistently engage in ethical business conduct even if in a given situation it means losing an apparent business opportunity or a reduction in profits.
- In summary, we recognize our responsibility to act as good corporate citizens.
Moog is committed to complying with the law and regulations of the countries in which we conduct business.
This Statement of Moog’s Business Ethics contains principles that apply to all of Moog’s facilities, in the U.S. and around the world. We also address in this statement some specific issues that apply to U.S. Government Programs. In particular, the Company will ensure its compliance with applicable U.S. Government regulations against fraud, waste and abuse, including provisions for an employee awareness program and internal control system. Such compliance is aimed at facilitating timely discovery and disclosure of improper conduct and ensuring that corrective measures are instituted promptly.
Many of the Company’s ethical principles apply to all of our operations around the world. We also recognize that several of our facilities are located in countries that have requirements that are not covered in this Statement. The management on site at these facilities will be cognizant of local requirements and should be consulted by Moog employees to ensure adherence to all applicable laws, rules, and regulations.
Corporate Governance Guidelines
Moog has adopted Corporate Governance Guidelines that describe how the Board of Directors will exercise business judgment to act in the best interests of Moog. The Board will oversee management performance on behalf of the shareholders and ensure that the long-term interests of the shareholders are being served. The Board will also perform the duties and responsibilities assigned by the laws of New York State. The Guidelines may be reviewed in full on the Moog website at www.moog.com.
The integrity of our business must be reflected in our financial practices. We subscribe to the principles of completeness, timeliness, accuracy, and honesty in our financial operations. Each employee contributes to the integrity of our financial reports, beginning with accurate time reporting and ending with the public disclosure of the Company’s financial results. We have adopted processes, policies, and procedures to ensure that all employees share the responsibility for the integrity of Moog’s financial information. We will comply with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and all applicable rules adopted by the Securities and Exchange Commission and the New York Stock Exchange.
Conflicts of Interest
The proper operation of our business requires that our officers, directors, employees, and representatives are always in a position to act with total objectivity on behalf of the Company. All of our employees should avoid investments or activities that could affect that objectivity. Most conflicts of interest are readily identifiable. It is almost always a conflict of interest for a Moog employee to take on work from a competitor, customer, or supplier. The best policy is to avoid any direct or indirect business connection with our customers, suppliers, or competitors, except on Moog’s behalf.
We also recognize the potential for apparent conflicts of interest that may be difficult to evaluate and resolve. Under such circumstances, the matter should be brought to the attention of management so that we can resolve any questionable issues quickly and openly.
Responsible Use of Company Assets
The Company expects all employees to ensure the proper use of Company and customer property, electronic communication systems, information resources, materials, facilities, and equipment. Employees must use and maintain these assets with the utmost care and guard against waste and abuse. Employees should not remove assets from Company property without management permission.
Directors, officers, and employees of Moog may not trade any of Moog securities while in the possession of material inside information about Moog. Material inside information is non-public information, which would reasonably be expected to affect the price of the securities or would be important to an investor in deciding whether to buy, sell, or hold the security. Using non-public information for personal financial benefit is both unethical and illegal.
The Company has published a Policy on Insider Trading that addresses this subject in depth. It includes guidance on blackout dates, benefit plans, special events, and transactions involving household members, among other subjects. Anyone who has questions regarding the legality of a personal transaction is encouraged to contact the Controller in advance of acting.
Protection of Company Private Information
Many employees have access to Company private information and are trusted to safeguard that information, limiting its disclosure and use, except as may be specifically authorized by Moog. Typically, disclosure should be limited to those individuals that have a business need to know the information. Company private information includes pricing rates, marketing plans, proposal data, acquisition plans, or information related to how Moog conducts business or produces hardware. This protection of Company private information extends to employee use of business and social networking web sites. Sensitivity in the use of networking sites and tools is particularly warranted, in view of the potential speed and breadth of information sharing and redistribution that can occur.
Moog drawings and data marked Proprietary, Restricted, Confidential, or Trade Secret fall into this category. Handling, marking, and disclosure of such data, or similar data provided to Moog by customers, vendors, or teammates requires strict adherence to Moog Policy and Procedures.
Moog requires new employees to sign a Confidentiality Agreement that defines these duties in a simple, straightforward manner. In addition, all employees have executed Patent Agreements as part of the hiring process. Employees who develop inventions that may be worthy of patenting must disclose them to the Company for a determination of whether they should be patented for the Company’s benefit.
Moog employees will not accept or provide “kickbacks” including any money, fees, commissions, credit, gift, gratuity, or compensation of any kind, for the purpose of improperly obtaining or rewarding favorable treatment in either the selling or procurement activities of the Company. Examples of favorable treatment include the improper advance notice of a request for bids or the submission of bids after a closing date.
Procurement integrity applies to employees and affiliates who participate personally in the procurement process. We are required to ensure that all those who participate on Moog’s behalf are not compromised by giving or receiving anything of value or by previous employment or affiliation. Moog’s stance in this regard is consistent with U.S. Federal Acquisition Regulations.
Moog employees should not accept or extend either entertainment or gifts that could materially impair the receiving party’s objectivity in conducting Company business. Public disclosure of any transaction should never be compromising to the Company, the employee involved, or the recipient of any gift or offer. Furthermore, no business courtesies may be extended to employees of the U.S. Departments of Defense or Energy, NASA, or to any other U.S. Government employee who is subject to Standard of Conduct regulations that would be violated.
Anti-Human Traffic Compliance Program - Including the UK Modern Slavery Act
Moog will not tolerate Trafficking in Persons in our global operations, nor engage in contracting or subcontracting with other entities that are Trafficking in Persons. We will endeavor to meet or exceed all regulatory requirements related to Combating Trafficking in Persons adopted by the Government of the United States, as well as such similar requirements as are adopted by the respective governments of other countries where we do business
Unlawful Payments, Gifts, and Entertainment Affecting Moog’s Global Operations
All Moog employees in every facility around the world must be aware of and comply with U.S. laws and the laws of other countries that prohibit payments, gifts, and entertainment that could be considered a bribe to obtain favorable business treatment or the award of contracts and subcontracts. Violation of these laws can result in millions of dollars in fines to companies and individuals and imprisonment for individuals for up to 5 to 10 years.
1) The U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (“FCPA”)
All Moog employees in every facility around the world, and their representatives, are subject to the FCPA. This is because Moog is a U.S. company.
The FCPA makes it unlawful to:
- Offer or make any payment or give any thing of value to a Foreign Government Official to obtain favorable business treatment in a foreign country or obtain contracts from that country. A “thing of value” can include expensive gifts or expensive entertainment.
- Fail to have accurate books and records of corporate assets, which would identify the potential corrupt use of Company assets for this purpose.
Moog, including all of our employees and representatives, must comply with the FCPA.
2) The U.K. Bribery Act (“UKBA”)
The UKBA applies to any company incorporated in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland and its employees and representatives. The UKBA applies to all Moog employees and representatives from every Moog facility around the world whenever we are working with customers or vendors located in these U.K. countries. The UKBA also applies whenever any Moog employee or representative from any facility around the world is working with customers or vendors that are incorporated in these U.K. countries, regardless of where in the world we are conducting business. All persons defined as citizens, subjects or protected persons of these countries are subject to the UKBA wherever they do business in the world.
The UKBA makes it unlawful to:
- Offer or make any payment or other advantage, ask for or receive any payment or other advantage, to or from any Government Official or any other person for the purposes of inducing a person to perform improperly one of their functions in their position of trust and responsibility, or as a reward for improper performance. “Other advantage” can include expensive gifts or expensive entertainment. If the UKBA applies to a company or to an individual, they must comply with the UKBA regardless of where they do business in the world.
- Fail to have adequate measures in place for the Company to prevent or detect bribery being undertaken on its behalf by employees or outside representatives or failing to enforce those measures.
Moog and all of our employees and representatives around the world must comply with the UKBA whenever it applies to the business we are conducting.
3) Similar Laws in Other Countries
Many other countries, including Germany, Italy, Japan and China, have similar laws to the FCPA and UKBA. Moog employees who are located outside the U.S. and U.K. or who regularly do business in other countries should discuss these laws with in-country Moog Management.
Moog expects all officers, employees, and representatives to comply with all applicable U.S. and foreign anti-trust laws. Violations can result in heavy penalties to the individuals involved, as well as to the Company. Generally, agreements or understandings that limit or restrict competition may be unlawful. These could be agreements affecting prices, terms or conditions of sale, production, distribution, territories, or customers. Therefore, contracts, agreements, or understandings with suppliers and customers involving exclusive dealing, or other restrictive agreements should only be consummated after the approval of a Company officer.
Endorsements: Commercial and Political
If an employee engages in any promotional activity that might be interpreted as endorsing a commercial organization, private venture, product, or political group, it must be done on the employee’s own time as a private citizen, not as a representative of Moog.
The employee should avoid even the appearance of participating as a representative of Moog. Employees who author articles or publications and plan to be identified as a Moog employee must first get approval from the Chief Financial Officer.
Moog has adopted a number of other policies that establish our vision of the right thing to do. These policies establish ideals to which individual employees and associates of the Company are expected to conform. They also reinforce our environment of mutual trust, confidence, and integrity. Some of these ideals are posted at the bulletin board locations, in our Employee Handbook, or in the Supervisor’s Policy Manual.
- Promoting equal opportunity
- Respecting diversity
- Protecting confidentiality of company records containing personal information
- Maintaining a drug-free workplace
- Maintaining a workplace free of sexual harassment or other forms of intimidation
Implementation of Our Policy
Our commitment to ethical business conduct requires the cooperation of every employee and representative of the Company. We must hold ourselves to the highest standards with the realization that the Company’s best interests are our own best interests. We must avoid any violation of these standards or any appearance of a violation.
Our business is governed by complex and frequently changing laws, rules, and regulations. The proper application of these laws, rules, and regulations can create, in certain circumstances, uncertainty and confusion.
To help us handle questionable situations, we have established the following procedures:
Moog has a strong commitment to an open-door policy. This means that employees are encouraged to take advantage of the availability of any manager, supervisor, or Human Resources Representative for consultation on ethical issues as they arise. All managers will maintain open communication with employees regarding questions of ethics.
b) Confidential Ethics Hotline:
In cases where employees suspect a violation of Moog’s Ethics Policy that has not been adequately addressed by managers, supervisors, or Human Resource Representatives, they are encouraged to call a confidential hotline number. Ethics Hotline posters indicating this number and describing its intended use are displayed on bulletin boards throughout Company facilities. Internal Company Counsel has been designated as Moog’s Ethics Advocate for these situations.
c) Employee Complaint Procedures for Accounting and Auditing Matters:
In any case wherein an employee believes that the Company’s financial statements are materially misstated as a result of intentional acts or material weaknesses in the systems of internal control, and such suspicions have not been satisfactorily addressed by management, he or she is advised to contact directly the Corporate Secretary of the Company. A separate hotline number for such cases is listed on the Ethics Hotline poster on Company bulletin boards.
To the fullest extent feasible within legal mandates, the source of all communications reporting irregularities in business ethics, accounting, or auditing to the Company’s Ethics Advocate or Corporate Secretary will be held in strictest confidence with an assurance that the matter will receive an appropriate investigation. Retaliation against anyone who has reported an ethics, accounting, or auditing concern is strictly prohibited and will be grounds for appropriate and immediate disciplinary action, including dismissal. For further information, please refer to Employee Complaint Procedures for the Ethics Hotline and Accounting and Auditing Matters posted on the Company’s bulletin boards.
Code of Ethics for the Chief Executive Officer/President and Senior Financial Officers
Moog Inc. has a Code of Business Conduct and Ethics applicable to all employees of Moog. The CEO/President, CFO and the Controller are bound by the provisions set forth therein relating to ethical conduct, conflicts of interest and compliance with the law. In addition to the Code of Business Conduct and Ethics, the CEO/President, CFO and Controller are subject to the following additional specific policies:
1. They must act with honesty and integrity, avoiding actual or apparent conflicts of interest in personal and professional relationships. Any matters involving conflicts of interest should be reviewed on a timely basis with the Audit Committee and necessary corrective action taken immediately.
2. They must act in good faith, responsibly, with due care, competence and diligence, without misrepresenting material facts or allowing their independent judgment to be subordinated.
3. They must provide full, fair, accurate, timely and understandable disclosure in reports and documents that Moog files with or submits to the SEC and in other public communications made by Moog.
4. They must comply with applicable rules and regulations of federal, state, provincial and local governments, and other appropriate private and public regulatory agencies.
5. They must respect the confidentiality of information acquired in the course of my work except when authorized or otherwise legally obligated to disclose. Confidential information acquired in the course of their work may not be used for personal advantage.
6. They must not use or share “inside information” to trade securities for personal benefit or for the benefit of others. All material non-public information about Moog should be considered confidential information.
In the event that any one of these individuals has reason to believe that any of them may have violated this code of conduct, it is their obligation to take such matter to the Chairman of the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors. It is then the responsibility of the Audit Committee Chairman to fully investigate and deal with the ultimate disposition of such confidential matter, keeping the rest of the Audit Committee informed. If it is determined that such individual materially breached their responsibilities under this Code of Ethics, then dismissal from their present positions or complete termination of employment may be appropriate.