The Audit Committee of the Board of Directors (the “Board”) of Moog Inc. (the “Company”) is organized for the purposes of assisting the Board in oversight of (1) the integrity of the financial statements of the Company, (2) the compliance by the Company with legal and regulatory requirements, (3) the independent auditor’s qualifications and independence and (4) the performance of the Company’s internal audit function(s) and independent auditors.
The Audit Committee shall prepare a report as required by the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) to be included in the Company’s annual proxy statement.
The Audit Committee shall consist of no fewer than three members as determined by the Board, each of whom shall be a non-employee director of the Company. The members of the Audit Committee shall meet the independence and other requirements of the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”), the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”) and the rules and regulations of the SEC. At least one member of the Audit Committee shall be a financial expert as defined by the SEC.
Audit Committee members who simultaneously serve on the audit committees of two or more other public companies shall promptly disclose such fact to the Board. In the event that any members of the Committee sit simultaneously on the audit committee of two or more other public companies, the Board will determine if their duties on such audit committees impair their ability to serve effectively on the Audit Committee of the Company, and such determinations will be disclosed in the Company’s annual proxy statement.
A Chairperson of the Committee will be selected by the full Board from among the Committee members. The Committee members shall serve for such term or terms as the full Board shall determine. The Board shall have the power at any time to change the membership of the Audit Committee and to fill vacancies on it, subject to such new member(s) satisfying applicable independence and experience requirements. Except as expressly provided in this Charter or the by-laws or the Corporate Governance Guidelines of the Company, the Audit Committee shall fix its own rules of procedure.
The Audit Committee shall meet as often as it determines, but not less frequently than quarterly. The Audit Committee shall meet periodically with management, those responsible for the internal audit function and the independent auditor in separate executive sessions. The Audit Committee may request any officer or employee of the Company or the Company’s outside counsel or independent auditor to attend a meeting of the Committee or to meet with any members of, or consultants to, the Committee.
A majority of the members of the Audit Committee shall constitute a quorum for any meeting. Any action of a majority of the members of the Audit Committee present at any meeting at which a quorum is present shall be an action of the Audit Committee.
The Audit Committee shall have the sole authority to appoint, compensate, retain, evaluate and terminate the independent auditor. The Audit Committee shall be directly responsible for the oversight of the work of the independent auditor (including resolution of disagreements between management and the independent auditor regarding financial reporting) in preparing or issuing an audit report or performing other audit, review, attest or similar services. The independent auditor shall report directly to the Audit Committee.
The Audit Committee shall preapprove all auditing services and permitted non-audit services (including the fees and terms thereof) to be performed for the Company by its independent auditor, subject to any de minimus exceptions described in the Exchange Act which are approved by the Audit Committee prior to the completion of the audit. The Audit Committee may form and delegate authority to subcommittees consisting of one or more members when appropriate, including the authority to grant preapprovals of audit and permitted non-audit services, provided that decisions of such subcommittee to grant preapprovals shall be presented to the full Audit Committee at its next scheduled meeting.
The Audit Committee shall have the authority, to the extent it deems necessary or appropriate, to retain independent legal, accounting or other advisors. The Company shall provide for appropriate funding, as determined by the Audit Committee, for payment of compensation to the independent auditor for the purpose of rendering or issuing an audit report and to any advisors employed by the Audit Committee, and for payment of ordinary administrative expenses of the Audit Committee that are necessary or appropriate in carrying out its duties.
The Audit Committee shall make regular reports to the full Board. The Audit Committee should review with the Board any issues that arise with respect to the quality or integrity of the Company’s financial statements, the Company’s compliance with legal or regulatory requirements, the performance and independence of the Company’s independent auditors, or the performance of the internal audit function. The Audit Committee shall review and reassess the adequacy of this Charter annually and recommend any proposed changes to the Board for approval. The Audit Committee shall annually review the Audit Committee’s own performance.
The Audit Committee, to the extent it deems necessary or appropriate in meeting its responsibilities, shall:
Financial Statement and Disclosure Matters
- Discuss with management and the independent auditor the annual audited financial statements, including disclosures made in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” and recommend to the Board whether the audited financial statements should be included in the Company’s Form 10-K.
- Discuss with management and the independent auditor the Company’s quarterly financial statements prior to the filing of its Form 10-Q, including the results of the independent auditor’s review of the quarterly financial statements.
- Discuss with management and the independent auditor significant financial reporting issues and judgments made in connection with the preparation of the Company’s financial statements, including any significant changes in the Company’s selection or application of accounting principles, any major issues as to the adequacy of the Company’s internal controls and any special steps adopted in light of material control deficiencies.
- Review and consider quarterly reports from the independent auditor on:
(a) The Company’s critical accounting policies and practices.
(b) Alternative treatments of financial information within generally accepted accounting principles related to material items that have been discussed with management, ramifications of the use of such alternative treatments, and the treatment preferred by the independent auditor.
(c) Other material written communications between the independent auditor and management, such as any management letter or schedule of unadjusted differences.
- Discuss with management the Company’s earnings press releases, as well as financial information and earnings guidance provided to analysts and rating agencies. The Audit Committee need not discuss in advance each earnings release or each instance in which the Company may provide earnings guidance.
- Discuss with management and the independent auditor the effect of regulatory and accounting initiatives as well as off-balance sheet structures on the Company’s financial statements.
- Discuss with management the Company’s major financial risk exposures and the steps management has taken to monitor and control such exposures, including the Company’s risk assessment and risk management policies.
- Discuss with the independent auditor the matters required to be discussed by Statement on Auditing Standards No. 61 relating to the conduct of the audit, including any problems or difficulties encountered in the course of the audit work and management’s response, any restrictions on the scope of activities or access to requested information, and any significant disagreements with management.
- Review disclosures, if any, made to the Audit Committee by the Company’s CEO and CFO during their certification process for the Form 10-K and Form 10-Q about any significant deficiencies in the design or operation of internal controls or material weaknesses therein and any fraud involving management or other employees who have a significant role in the Company’s internal controls.
Oversight of the Company's Relationship with the Independent Auditor
- Review and evaluate the lead partner of the independent auditor team.
- Obtain and review a report from the independent auditor at least annually describing (a) the independent auditor’s internal quality-control procedures, (b) any material issues raised by the most recent internal quality-control review, or peer review, of the firm, or by any inquiry or investigation by governmental or professional authorities within the preceding five years respecting one or more independent audits carried out by the firm, (c) any steps taken to deal with any such issues, and (d) all relationships between the independent auditor and the Company. Evaluate the qualifications, performance and independence of the independent auditor, including considering whether the auditor’s quality controls are adequate and the provision of permitted non-audit services is compatible with maintaining the auditor’s independence, and taking into account the opinions of management and those responsible for the internal audit function. The Audit Committee shall present its conclusions with respect to the independent auditor to the Board.
- Monitor the rotation of the lead (or coordinating) audit partner having primary responsibility for the audit and the audit partner responsible for reviewing the audit as required by law.
- Recommend to the Board policies for the Company’s hiring of employees or former employees of the independent auditor who participated in any capacity in the audit of the Company.
- Meet with the independent auditor prior to the audit to discuss the planning and staffing of the audit.
Oversight of the Company's Internal Audit Function(s)
- Review with management and those responsible for the internal audit function(s) (in separate meetings, as appropriate) the operation of the internal audit function(s) including the quality and adequacy of internal controls that could significantly affect the Company’s financial statements.
- Review the significant reports to management prepared by the internal auditing function(s) and management’s responses.
- Discuss with the independent auditor and management the internal audit function(s)’s responsibilities, budget and staffing and any recommended changes in the planned scope of the internal audit.
Compliance Oversight Responsibilities
- Review reports and disclosures of insider and affiliated party transactions. Advise the Board with respect to the Company’s policies and procedures regarding compliance with applicable laws and regulations and with applicable Company codes of conduct.
- Establish procedures for the receipt, retention and treatment of complaints received by the Company regarding accounting, internal accounting controls or auditing matters, and the confidential, anonymous submission by the Company’s employees of concerns regarding questionable accounting or auditing matters.
- Discuss with management and the independent auditor any correspondence with regulators or governmental agencies and any published reports that raise material issues regarding the Company’s financial statements or accounting policies.
Audit Committee's Role
While the Audit Committee has the responsibilities and functions set forth in this Charter, it serves in an oversight capacity and, as such, it is not the duty of the Audit Committee to plan or conduct audits or to determine that the Company’s financial statements and disclosures are complete and accurate and are in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles and applicable rules and regulations. These are the responsibilities of management and the independent auditor.